The relevance of training bachelors in the specialty “Instrument making” is due to the widespread introduction of optical, electronic and optical-electronic devices and devices in various industries and everyday life, as well as the continuous improvement of the optical, electronic and optical-electronic devices themselves. The main direction in the development of instrument making is measuring equipment, consisting of methods and instruments for measuring mechanical, electrical, magnetic, thermal, optical, and other physical quantities.
An idea of the principles of operation of devices and of the peculiarities of their use in industry and scientific research. Basic research methods, methods for calculating the statistical and dynamic characteristics of devices and methods for assessing the adequacy of models. Work with application packages, create analytical and statistical models of the processes in the devices, taking into account the specifics of production and environmental influences. Practical skills in statistical processing of research results, calculation and selection of transducers and measurement method that provide the necessary accuracy.
Basics of laser physics Definition of a laser as a device. The main properties of laser radiation. Advantages of a laser as a source of radiation. The block diagram of the laser The main elements of the laser and their role. The role of spontaneous radiation in the development of generation. Optical resonators Varieties of optical resonators. Devices and elements of the output radiation from the laser resonator. Methods for calculating the basic elements of laser systems Estimation of laser radiation power. Elements of the pumping source of laser active media Elements of pumping systems for solid-state lasers.
Physico-chemical properties of materials The electrical properties of various materials, methods of measurement, temperature dependence are considered. A definition is given, a theoretical discussion is given, the temperature dependence of the thermal properties of materials. Magnetic materials and their properties, a mathematical description of the properties of materials are considered; use of methods and ways to create new materials.
Principles of accurate analytical instrumentation. Electronic structure of main semiconductors and dielectrics. Statistics of electrons and holes in semiconductors and dielectrics; basics of theoretical and practical training for the creation of new nanomaterials with desired properties. Basic methods for calculating DC and AC electrical circuits.
Graduates of the specialty “Instrument making” can successfully work as physicists-researchers, physicists-engineers, teachers of technical colleges, will be able to create and develop high technologies in commercial structures, develop software for modern information systems, deal with installation, maintenance and repair of devices in various fields activity, selects and implements new methods of spectral analysis. Graduates of the program will be in demand in such industries as the military-industrial complex, information technology, mining, optical instrumentation.